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Goblet cell

Goblet cell
Section of mucus membrane of human stomach, near the cardiac orifice. X 45.
c. Cardiac glands.
d. Their ducts.
cr. Gland similar to the intestinal glands, with goblet cells.
mm. Mucous membrane.
m. Muscularis mucosae.
m’. Muscular tissue within the mucous membrane.
Transverse section of a villus, from the human intestine. X 350.
a. Basement membrane, here somewhat shrunken away from the epithelium.
b. Lacteal.
c. Columnar epithelium.
d. Its striated border.
e. Goblet cells.
f. Leucocytes in epithelium.
f’. Leucocytes below epithelium.
g. Bloodvessels.
h. Muscle cells cut across.
Dorlands/Elsevier c_18/12223516

Goblet cells are glandular simple columnar epithelial cells whose sole function is to secrete mucus. They secrete using both apocrine and merocrine methods of secretion.

The majority of the cell's cytoplasm is occupied by mucinogen granules, except at the bottom. Rough endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria, the nucleus, and other organelles are concentrated in the basal portion. The apical plasma membrane projects microvilli to increase surface area for secretion.

Locations

They are found scattered among the epithelial lining of many organs, especially the intestinal and respiratory tracts. In the respiratory tract, they are found inside the trachea, bronchus, and larger bronchioles.

Histology

In mucicarmine stains, goblet cells can be easily identified by the deep red mucin found within their cell bodies.

The nuclei of goblet cells tend to be displaced toward the basal end of the cell body, close to basement membrane, leading to intense basophilic staining.

Etymology

The term goblet refers to these cells' goblet-like shape. The apical portion is shaped like a cup, as it is distended by abundant mucinogen granules; its basal portion is shaped like a stem, as it is narrow for lack of these granules.

There are other cells which secrete mucus (as in the fundic glands of the stomach[1]), but they are not usually called "goblet cells" because they do not have this distinctive shape.

Basal secretion

This is the normal base level secretion of mucus. The continuous secretion is accomplished by cytoskeletal movement of secretory granules.

Stimulated secretion

Secretion may be stimulated by dust, smoke, etc.

Other stimuli include viruses, bacteria, etc.

Additional images

References

  1. ^ Histology at BU 11303loa - Digestive System: Alimentary Canal: fundic stomach, gastric glands, lumen"

External links

 

The content of this section is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License (local copy). . It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Goblet cell" modified November 19, 2007 with previous authors listed in its history.